Psoriasis is a non-contagious chronic autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the skin. Psoriasis causes the hyperproliferation of specific skin cells known as keratinocytes. This leads to the building up of skin cells in particular areas of the body. The build-up often looks like plaques, scales, or lesions and can be very uncomfortable. Individuals with psoriasis often scratch themselves a lot because of itching caused by the skin lesions. They may also suffer from a negative body image as a result of unsightly plaques.
Psoriasis can occur in adults as well as children. In children, it can sometimes be mistaken for eczema; usually a trained professional is needed to make the distinction. There are several types of psoriasis, some of which mostly occur in infants and children. The types that manifest in children include:
- Plaque psoriasis: This affects children as well as adults. It is the most common form of presentation. This typically manifests as bumps and scales around the knees, elbows, and scalp.
- Guttate psoriasis: This type of psoriasis occurs predominantly in children. These children usually present with small, pink, teardrop-shaped skin lesions
- Napkin psoriasis: This is usually seen in babies and infants. This usually occurs in the diaper area and can be mistaken for diaper rash.
While psoriasis has no definite cause, there are several factors that may predispose babies and children to develop this condition. Some of these factors include:
- Genetics: There is a strong genetic component to psoriasis. Some children develop psoriasis because they inherited the genes from their parents.
- Stress: High levels of stress can trigger psoriasis in children
- Infections: Upper respiratory infections such as strep throat or tonsillitis can trigger psoriasis in children and infants
- Medications: Some medications can trigger psoriasis in susceptible children. Some examples of these medications are lithium and Beta-blockers
- Obesity: In certain children, obesity can be a trigger for psoriasis
At Hope’s Relief, we provide medicated creams that can provide relief to children and infants with psoriasis. For more information about our products and how we can help provide relief to your children, contact us today.